Priority: c, Quality: b
Without infobox

Twenty-ninth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is an introduction to the Twenty-ninth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya; to read its text see text:Twenty-ninth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.

The twenty-ninth supplication of al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya (Arabic: الدعاء التاسع والعشرون من الصحيفة السجادية) is a supplication transmitted from Imam al-Sajjad (a), which he recited during penury in order to ask God for livelihood. In this supplication, Imam (a) points to people being tested by God through financial hardships and penury, which leads to suspicions about livelihood. Moreover, the supplication reprehends displaced attempt at attaining livelihood. He believes that one's distress dissipates only if one is sure of God's promise to provide everyone's livelihood.

This supplication is expounded thoroughly in such commentaries as Riyad al-salikin (in Arabic) by al-Sayyid 'Ali Khan al-Madani and Shuhud wa shinakht by Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahid (in Farsi).

Doctrines

The main theme of the twenty-ninth supplication is to pray during hardships. According to Mamduhi Kirmanshahi, in this supplication Imam al-Sajjad (a) refers to a monotheistic outlook on livelihood.[1] Here are the doctrines of the supplication within five sections:[2]

  • People are tested by long wishes and hardships in their livelihood
  • Roots and ramifications of suspicions and long wishes
  • The difficulty of seeking one's livelihood is because of the absence of certainty
  • Displaced attempts at livelihood
  • One's promised livelihood is in the sky
  • One's certainty about the provider of livelihood removes his distress
  • God's swear to provide His servants with livelihood.[3]

Commentaries

In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani,[4], Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya,[5] Riyad al-'arifin by Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Darabi,[6] Afaq al-ruh by Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah,[7] the twenty-ninth supplication is explicated. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala l-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[8] and 'Izz al-Din al-Jaza'iri's Sharh al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[9]

The twenty-ninth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi[10], Sharh wa tarjumi-yi Sahifi-yi Sajjadiyya by Sayyid Ahmad Fihri,[11] and some other books in Persian.

Notes

  1. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 2, p. 529.
  2. Irfan website: Translation and commentary of Twenty-ninth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya (Persian)
  3. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 2, p. 529-542.
  4. Madanī Shīrāzī, Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn, vol. 4, p. 311-338.
  5. Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 373-376.
  6. Dārābī, Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn, p. 381-7.
  7. Faḍl Allāh, Āfāq al-rūḥ, vol. 2, p. 89-98.
  8. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 65-6.
  9. Jazā'irī, Sharh al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 158-9.
  10. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 2, p. 529-542.
  11. Fihrī, Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, vol. 2, p. 487-494.

References

  • Dārābī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad. Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Edited by Ḥusayn Dargāhī. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1379 Sh.
  • Faḍl Allāh, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Āfāq al-rūḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Mālik, 1420 AH.
  • Fihrī, Sayyid Aḥmad. Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1388 Sh.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad b. al-Murtaḍā al-. Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Buḥūth wa l-Taḥqīqāt al-Thiqāfīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Jazāʾirī, ʿIzz al-Dīn. Sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1402 AH.
  • Madanī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAlīkhān. Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa Sayyid al-Sājjidīn. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1435 AH.
  • Mughnīya, Muḥammad Jawād al-. Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Qom: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1428 AH.
  • Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht; tarjuma wa sharḥ Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1388 SH.