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Forty-second Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

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This article is an introduction to the Forty-second Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya; to read its text see text:Forty-second Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.

The forty-second supplication of al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādiyya (Arabic: الدعاء الثاني والأربعون من الصحيفة السجادية) is a supplication transmitted from Imam al-Sajjad (a). He recited this supplication when he recited the whole Qur'an. In this supplication, Imam al-Sajjad (a) enumerates some of the characteristics of the Prophet (s) and his hardships in the propagation of Islam, asking God for the highest degrees for the Prophet (s) on the day of resurrection. Moreover, the Infallibles (a) have been characterized as the treasurers and interpreters of the Qurʾan.

Imam Zayn al-'Abidin (a) asks God to forgive people’s sins through the Qur'an, to provide them with immunity from remorse and fears of the resurrection, and to let the Qurʾan intercede for them on that day.

The forty-second supplication is a supplication in al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya which is recited during the recitation of the whole Qurʾan. In this supplication, Imam al-Sajjad (a) states the characteristics of the Qur'an, dealing with the impacts of the Qur'an on the existential degrees of humans in this world and the afterlife, particularly as far as proximity to God is concerned.[1]

Here are the doctrines of the supplication:

  • The Qurʾan has been sent in the form of a light
  • The Qurʾan's role in saving people from dilemmas and helping them overcome their doubts
  • The Qurʾan as the witness and keeper of all scriptures and as the most supreme word
  • The Qurʾan as the criterion of right and wrong
  • The Qurʾan as the scale of justice
  • The Qurʾan as the illuminating book, which is immune from any errors
  • The Qurʾan as God's revelation to Muhammad (s)
  • Salvation from going astray by means of the Quranic guidance
  • Conditions of the optimal benefit from the Qurʾan (reflection on Quranic arguments, silently listening to the Qurʾan, listening to the Qurʾan with the intention to find the right path)
  • Praying for being able to do justice to the Qurʾan
  • The eloquence of the Qurʾan in its words and meanings
  • The dependence of understanding the Qurʾan on interpretations provided by the Infallibles (a)
  • The Prophet's Household (a) as treasurers of the Qurʾan
  • People's different capacities in understanding the Qurʾan
  • Holding fast to the cord of the Qurʾan
  • Understanding the metaphorical verses (mutashabihat) of the Qurʾan by means of its definitive verses (muhkamat)
  • The inseparability of the Qurʾan and the Prophet's Household
  • Prayers for being blessed by the intercession of the Qurʾan
  • The forgiveness of sins by means of the Qurʾan
  • The effects of acting upon the Qurʾan: the Qurʾan as the companion of dark nights, as the guardian against Satan’s temptations, as the protector of the tongue against vicious talk, as the immunity against negligence, as a ground for wellbeing and as a protection against poverty, and as an emancipation from blasphemous doctrines
  • The Qurʾan as the garment of safety and immunity after the resurrection
  • The Qurʾan as the means by which one can attain the highest degree of dignity and as the ground of salvation on the day of resurrection
  • Avoidance of abominable characteristics and moral vices by means of the Qurʾan
  • Hardships of death being alleviated by the Qurʾan
  • Prayers for overcoming post-mortem hardships
  • Rescue from the remorse and fears of the day of resurrection by means of the Qurʾan
  • Dark faces of oppressors on the day of resurrection
  • Servitude of God as the ground of human perfection
  • The proximity to the Qurʾan only through acting upon it
  • Greetings to the Prophet (s) because of his propagation of divine commands
  • Muhammad (s) as the closest prophet to God
  • The Prophet's infallibility throughout all stages of his mission
  • The Prophet's tolerance in the face of hindrances and obstacles on the way of his mission
  • Prayers for the highest degrees of the Prophet (s) on the day of resurrection
  • Prayers for dying as a believer in the Prophet’s religion and for being resurrected along with him
  • Prayers for the goods for the Prophet (s)
  • Asking for the highest reward for the Prophet (s), a reward higher than that of close angels and other prophets.[2]

Commentaries

In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani,[3], Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya,[4] Riyad al-'arifin by Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Darabi,[5] Afaq al-ruh by Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah,[6] the forty-second supplication is explicated. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala l-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[7] and 'Izz al-Din al-Jaza'iri's Sharh al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[8]

The forty-second supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi,[9] Sharh wa tarjumi-yi Sahifi-yi Sajjadiyya by Sayyid Ahmad Fihri,[10] in Persian. Articles have also been compiled based on the forty-second supplication of the Sahifa to study the attributes and names of the Qur'an in Persian.[11]

Notes

  1. Anṣārīyān, Dīyār-i Āshiqān, vol. 7, p. 331-380; Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 315; Commentary of 41th supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, Irfan website (Persian)
  2. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 315-370;
  3. Madanī Shīrāzī, Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn, vol. 5, p. 383-498.
  4. Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 467-491.
  5. Dārābī, Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn, p. 497-513.
  6. Faḍl Allāh, Āfāq al-rūḥ, vol. 2, p. 313-348.
  7. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 77-80.
  8. Jazā'irī, Sharh al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 204-212.
  9. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 309-370.
  10. Fihrī, Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, vol. 3, p. 173-201.
  11. Puyā, Farāzmandī-yi Qurʾān dar duʿā-yi khatm-i Qurʾan Imām Sajjād (a), p. ? ; Ghāʾī, Aḥmad Riḍā. Asāmī wa awsāf Qurʾan dar niyāyish-i khatm-i Qurʾan Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya, p. ?

References

  • Anṣārīyān, Ḥusayn. Dīyār-i Āshiqān: tafsīr-i jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Payām-i Āzādī, 1372 Sh.
  • Dārābī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad. Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Edited by Ḥusayn Dargāhī. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1379 Sh.
  • Faḍl Allāh, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Āfāq al-rūḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Mālik, 1420 AH.
  • Fihrī, Sayyid Aḥmad. Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1388 Sh.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad b. al-Murtaḍā al-. Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Buḥūth wa l-Taḥqīqāt al-Thiqāfīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Ghāʾī, Aḥmad Riḍā. Asāmī wa awsāf Qurʾan dar niyāyish-i khatm-i Qurʾan Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya. Safīna journal. No 9. 1384 Sh.
  • Jazāʾirī, ʿIzz al-Dīn. Sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1402 AH.
  • Madanī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAlīkhān. Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa Sayyid al-Sājjidīn. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1435 AH.
  • Puyā, Ḥasan. Farāzmandī-yi Qurʾān dar duʿā-yi khatm-i Qurʾan Imām Sajjād (a). Bayyināt Journal. No 68. 1389 Sh.