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Twenty-second supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

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This article is an introduction to the Twenty-second supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya; to read its text see text:Twenty-second supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.

The twenty-second supplication of al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya (Arabic: الدعاء الثاني والعشرون من الصحيفة السجادية) is a supplication transmitted from Imam al-Sajjad (a), recited during hardships and entanglement of affairs. In this supplication, Imam al-Sajjad (a) points to the difficulties of self-refinement, asking God for His mercy and expansive livelihood. The supplication also involves references to repercussions of trusting in anyone other than God as well as characteristics of envious people. In this supplication, the Imam (a) asks God for the position of contentment and the opportunity for discharging one's obligations, highlighting moderation in gratification and wrath as well as friendship and enmity.

This supplication is expounded thoroughly in such commentaries as Riyad al-salikin (in Arabic) by al-Sayyid 'Ali Khan al-Madani and Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian and Shuhud wa shinakht by Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahid (in Farsi).

Doctrines

The twenty-second supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is recited during hardships, troubles, and entanglement of affairs. According to Mamduhi Kirmanshahi in his book Shuhud wa shinakht (Intuition and knowledge), phrases of the supplication indicate that Imam al-Sajjad (a) was absolutely submissive to God in all circumstances (hardships, troubles, tribulations, etc.), with changes of time leaving no impact on his states.[1] Here are the doctrines of the supplication:

  • Difficulty of refining one's soul
  • Divine help as required for human development and sublimation
  • The power of choice and capability of obligations as exclusive human privileges
  • Divine satisfaction as the ground of guidance
  • The difficulty of hardship and penury, and the plea for expansive livelihood
  • Asking for divine mercy
  • Repercussions of trusting in anyone but God (solitude, deprivation, and indebtedness)
  • Asking for divine donation to the extent of self-sufficiency
  • Self-sufficiency by virtue of hoping for divine grace and greatness
  • Asking for freedom from envy and sins
  • Asking for the position of contentment, delightful blessings, reputation, and health
  • Asking for the opportunity for discharging one's obligations
  • The passion for righteous actions and aversion to vicious actions
  • Fear from divine punishment and the passion for divine rewards (the role of desire for pleasures and aversion to bitterness in human development)
  • Praying for the rectification of the affairs in this world and the afterlife
  • Gratitude for divine blessings
  • Dangers of envy and characteristics of envious people (complains about the divine system, suffering from other people's welfare)
  • Moderation in gratification and wrath, as well as friendship and enmity
  • Pure and untainted supplication to God.[2]

Commentaries

In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani,[3], Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya,[4] Riyad al-'arifin by Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Darabi,[5] Afaq al-ruh by Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah,[6] the twenty-second supplication is explicated. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala l-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[7] and 'Izz al-Din al-Jaza'iri's Sharh al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[8]

The twenty-second supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian,[9] Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi,[10] Sharh wa tarjumi-yi Sahifi-yi Sajjadiyya by Sayyid Ahmad Fihri,[11] and some other books in Persian.

Notes

  1. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 2, p. 329.
  2. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 6, p. 391-447; Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 2, p. 329-368.
  3. Madanī Shīrāzī, Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn, vol. 3, p. 490-535.
  4. Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 295-308.
  5. Dārābī, Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn, p. 283-300.
  6. Faḍl Allāh, Āfāq al-rūḥ, vol. 1, p. 567-598.
  7. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 52-53.
  8. Jazā'irī, Sharh al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 127-131.
  9. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 6, p. 385-447.
  10. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 2, p. 329-368.
  11. Fihrī, Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, vol. 2, p. 361-378.

References

  • Anṣārīyān, Ḥusayn. Dīyār-i Āshiqān: tafsīr-i jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Payām-i Āzādī, 1372 Sh.
  • Dārābī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad. Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Edited by Ḥusayn Dargāhī. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1379 Sh.
  • Faḍl Allāh, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Āfāq al-rūḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Mālik, 1420 AH.
  • Fihrī, Sayyid Aḥmad. Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1388 Sh.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad b. al-Murtaḍā al-. Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Buḥūth wa l-Taḥqīqāt al-Thiqāfīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Jazāʾirī, ʿIzz al-Dīn. Sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1402 AH.
  • Madanī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAlīkhān. Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa Sayyid al-Sājjidīn. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1435 AH.
  • Mughnīya, Muḥammad Jawād al-. Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Qom: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1428 AH.
  • Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht; tarjuma wa sharḥ Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1388 SH.