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Thirty-seventh supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

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This article is an introduction to the Thirty-seventh supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya; to read its text see text:Thirty-seventh supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.

The thirty-seventh supplication of al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya (Arabic: الدعاء السابع والثلاثون من الصحيفة السجادية) is a supplication transmitted from Imam al-Sajjad (a) concerning the human failure to properly thank God. In this supplication, Imam al-Sajjad (a) points out that it is impossible to thank God for His blessings in that divine blessings are matters of His grace. Moreover, God does not haste to punish wrongdoers because He hopes for their repentance and their return to the divine guidance. Zayn al-‘Abidin (a) also points to God’s justice in His treatment of His servants, seeing any deviation from the divine path as arising from Satan’s deceptions.

This supplication is expounded thoroughly in such commentaries as Riyad al-salikin (in Arabic) by al-Sayyid 'Ali Khan al-Madani and Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian and Shuhud wa shinakht by Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahid (in Farsi).

Doctrines

The thirty-seventh supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is concerned with the human inability to properly thank God. In this supplication, Imam al-Sajjad (a) points to the human failure in thanking God.[1] According to Mamduhi Kirmanshahi, the position in which one sees himself as unable to thank God for His blessings is a position achieved only by pure servants of God.[2]

Here are the doctrines of the supplication:

  • The human failure to properly thank God because divine blessings are interconnected
  • The human failure to properly obey and worship God
  • Gratefulness for a blessing is superior to the blessing itself
  • The impossibility of properly thanking God for His blessings
  • The Impossibility of judging God because no one dominates God
  • God’s grace is the source of His blessings
  • God’s great reward for insignificant deeds of His servants
  • The inevitability of God’s forgiveness although His servants do not deserve it
  • The requirement of developing divine attributes in oneself in response to His blessings
  • Acknowledging divine justice in His treatment of His servants
  • Satan’s deception as the cause of deviation from the divine path
  • God’s postponement of the punishment of wrongdoers
  • God’s generous treatment of obedient and sinful servants
  • Obedience of God is owed to the divine help
  • God’s inclusive mercy for His servants
  • The reward of servants for their good deeds
  • God’s postponement of the punishment of servants in the hope of their repentance and their return to the divine guidance
  • Acknowledgement of the divine justice.[3]

Commentaries

In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani,[4], Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya,[5] Riyad al-'arifin by Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Darabi,[6] Afaq al-ruh by Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah,[7] the thirty-seventh supplication is explicated. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala l-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[8] and 'Izz al-Din al-Jaza'iri's Sharh al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[9]

The thirty-seventh supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian,[10] Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi,[11] Sharh wa tarjumi-yi Sahifi-yi Sajjadiyya by Sayyid Ahmad Fihri,[12] in Persian.

Notes

  1. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 210.
  2. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 210.
  3. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 7, p. 273-285; Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 210-247; Commentary of 37th supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, Irfan website (Persian)
  4. Madanī Shīrāzī, Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn, vol. 5, p. 221-272.
  5. Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 435-444.
  6. Dārābī, Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn, p. 463-474.
  7. Faḍl Allāh, Āfāq al-rūḥ, vol. 2, p. 233-252.
  8. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 73-4.
  9. Jazā'irī, Sharh al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 189-192.
  10. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 7, p. 267-285.
  11. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 207-247.
  12. Fihrī, Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, vol. 3, p. 107-116.

References

  • Anṣārīyān, Ḥusayn. Dīyār-i Āshiqān: tafsīr-i jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Payām-i Āzādī, 1372 Sh.
  • Dārābī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad. Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Edited by Ḥusayn Dargāhī. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1379 Sh.
  • Faḍl Allāh, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Āfāq al-rūḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Mālik, 1420 AH.
  • Fihrī, Sayyid Aḥmad. Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1388 Sh.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad b. al-Murtaḍā al-. Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Buḥūth wa l-Taḥqīqāt al-Thiqāfīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Jazāʾirī, ʿIzz al-Dīn. Sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1402 AH.
  • Madanī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAlīkhān. Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa Sayyid al-Sājjidīn. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1435 AH.
  • Mughnīya, Muḥammad Jawād al-. Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Qom: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1428 AH.
  • Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht; tarjuma wa sharḥ Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1388 SH.