Second Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya
The second supplication of al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya (Arabic: الدعاء الثاني من الصحيفة السجادية) is devoted mainly to invoking blessings upon the Prophet (s) and mentioning his efforts in calling people to the path of God. Imam al-Sajjad (a), according to this supplication, gives thanks to God for sending the Prophet (s) and asks the Almighty to elevate him to the highest rank for his sacrifice and efforts towards promoting Islam.
This supplication is expounded thoroughly in such commentaries as Riyad al-salikin fi sharh-i sahifat Sayyid al-Sajidin (in Arabic) by al-Sayyid 'Ali Khan al-Madani and Diyar-i ashiqan (in Farsi) by Husayn Ansarian.
The main theme of the second supplication in al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is invoking blessings upon the Prophet (s) and mentioning his high morals and great efforts for the cause of calling people to the path of God and Islam. The themes of this supplication can be listed as follows:
- Praising God for conferring a favor upon Muslims in that He sent Muhammad (s) to them as their Prophet
- God's power to do all things, whether big or small, and that nothing is Hidden from Him.
- Muhammad (s) is the last Prophet, and Islam is the final religion.
- Describing Prophet Muhammad (s) (the trustee of revelation, superior to all creation, the chosen one, the leader of mercy and all goodness, and the key to blessings)
- The efforts and sacrifice of the Prophet (s) towards calling people to the path of God and Islam (such as endangering his life, leaving his hometown, etc)
- Asking God to elevate the Prophet (s) to the highest rank in Paradise
- Asking God to accept the intercession of the Prophet (s) for his Ahl al-Bayt (a) and his ummah
- God's promise to believers will never be broken.
In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya, Riyad al-'arifin by Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Darabi, Afaq al-ruh by Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah, and Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani, the second supplication is explicated. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.
The second supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian, Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi, and Asrar-i khamushan by Muhammad Taqi Khalaji in Persian. This supplication is also discussed by Muhammad Sultan Muradi in Sima-yi Payambar-i Aʿzam dar Sahifa Sajjadiyya and by Sayyid Javad Hashiminijad in Muhammad raz-i afarinish.
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