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Thirty-fifth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

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This article is an introduction to the Thirty-fifth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya; to read its text see text:Thirty-fifth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.

The thirty-fifth supplication of al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya (Arabic: الدعاء الخامس والثلاثون من الصحيفة السجادية) is a supplication transmitted from Imam al-Sajjad (a) concerning contentment with the divine predestination. In this supplication, Imam al-Sajjad (a) thanks God for what He has given and what He has not given, discouraging people from having envy about what others have. According to the supplication, the esteem and dignity is grounded in worshiping God, forbidding the humiliation of the poor and admiration of the powerful.

This supplication is expounded thoroughly in such commentaries as Riyad al-salikin (in Arabic) by al-Sayyid 'Ali Khan al-Madani and Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian and Shuhud wa shinakht by Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahid (in Farsi).

Doctrines

The thirty-fifth supplication is concerned with contentment or satisfaction with the divine predestination and decree. In his commentary on the supplication, Muhammad Jawad Mughniya refers to the phrase “God's contentment is our contentment” as a slogan of the Household of the Prophet (s).[1] Moreover, according to Mamduhi Kirmanshahi in his commentary on the supplication, contentment with what God has given us and the hope for His decree is a position higher than patience toward unfortunate events. This is because one who is satisfied with what God has given him is content with what the beloved has favored, but one who is patient toward divine predestination might have not been submissive to them from the inside.[2] In this supplication, Imam al-Sajjad (a) is content with, and grateful of, what God has given him, and even what God has not given him.[3] Here are the doctrines of the supplication:

  • Contentment with the divine predestination
  • Avoidance of envy
  • God's justice in the distribution of the livelihoods of His servants
  • Welcoming divine predestination about oneself
  • Gratefulness and thankfulness for what God has given and not given
  • Avoidance of humiliating the poor and admiring the wealthy
  • One's esteem and dignity are owed to worshiping and obeying God. (Being connected to the divine origin is the source of human dignity)
  • Asking for the Heaven, power, and wealth
  • Describing God as unique (He has not begotten a child, nor is He begotten. And no one is His equal).[4].[5]

Commentaries

In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani,[6], Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya,[7] Riyad al-'arifin by Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Darabi,[8] Afaq al-ruh by Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah,[9] the thirty-fifth supplication is explicated. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala l-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[10] and 'Izz al-Din al-Jaza'iri's Sharh al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[11]

The thirty-fifth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian,[12] Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi,[13] Sharh wa tarjumi-yi Sahifi-yi Sajjadiyya by Sayyid Ahmad Fihri,[14] and some other books in Persian.

Notes

  1. Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 427.
  2. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 183.
  3. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 183.
  4. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 7, p. 249-259; Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 183-188.
  5. Commentary of 35th supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, Irfan website (Persian)
  6. Madanī Shīrāzī, Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn, vol. 5, p. 177-198.
  7. Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 427-430.
  8. Dārābī, Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn, p. 453-6.
  9. Faḍl Allāh, Āfāq al-rūḥ, vol. 2, p. 209-222.
  10. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 73.
  11. Jazā'irī, Sharh al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 184-5.
  12. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 7, p. 245-259.
  13. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 3, p. 181-8.
  14. Fihrī, Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, vol. 3, p. 87-91.

References

  • Anṣārīyān, Ḥusayn. Dīyār-i Āshiqān: tafsīr-i jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Payām-i Āzādī, 1372 Sh.
  • Dārābī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad. Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Edited by Ḥusayn Dargāhī. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1379 Sh.
  • Faḍl Allāh, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Āfāq al-rūḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Mālik, 1420 AH.
  • Fihrī, Sayyid Aḥmad. Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1388 Sh.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad b. al-Murtaḍā al-. Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Buḥūth wa l-Taḥqīqāt al-Thiqāfīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Jazāʾirī, ʿIzz al-Dīn. Sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1402 AH.
  • Madanī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAlīkhān. Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa Sayyid al-Sājjidīn. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1435 AH.
  • Mughnīya, Muḥammad Jawād al-. Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Qom: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1428 AH.
  • Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht; tarjuma wa sharḥ Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1388 SH.