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Fifty-third Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

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This article is an introduction to the Fifty-third Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya; to read its text see text:Fifty-third Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.
Fifty-third Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

The fifty-third supplication of al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya (Arabic: الدعاء الثالث والخمسون من الصحيفة السجادية) is a supplication transmitted from Imam al-Sajjad (a), which he recited when he abased and humbled himself before God. In this supplication, Imam al-Sajjad (a) points to consequences of sins in this world and on the resurrection day, stressing the necessity of alertness and vigilance before one’s death. In this supplication, God is asked to forgive sins and provide peace on the day of resurrection.

Doctrine

The fifty-third supplication is a supplication in al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, which Imam Zayn al-ʿAbidin (a) recited when he abased and humbled himself before God. According to Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah in his exposition of the supplication, expression of humbleness toward God, both verbally and nonverbally, leads to the sublimation of one’s soul and proximity to God.[1] Moreover, Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi comments that it is the status of humans to abase themselves toward God who is absolute dignity, greatness, and self-sufficiency. For this reason, the Infallible Imam (a), with his highest degree of knowledge, humbles himself toward God more than anyone else.[2]

Here are the doctrines of the supplication:

  • Consequences of sins on the day of resurrection: inability to speak, wonder and regret, embarrassment, and disgrace
  • Humans are hostage to their deeds and are captives of their own selves
  • Humility as a repercussion of sins
  • Sins as cases of taking divine punishments lightly
  • Sins as instances of audacity and insolence toward God
  • Confession to one’s sins before God
  • Necessity of alertness and vigilance before the occurrence of death
  • Humans as realities beyond their material bodies
  • The harmonious procession of all beings toward their origin
  • Prayer for receiving divine mercy after death
  • Asking for clemency when one’s body decays in the grave
  • Asking for safety and peace in the neighborhood of the divine mercy
  • Asking for being resurrection alongside the divine saints
  • Asking for God’s forgiveness and tolerance for one’s sins.[3]

Commentaries

In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani,[4], Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya,[5] Riyad al-'arifin by Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Darabi,[6] Afaq al-ruh by Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah,[7] the fifty-third supplication is explicated. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala l-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[8] and 'Izz al-Din al-Jaza'iri's Sharh al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[9]

The fifty-third supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian,[10] Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi,[11] Sharh wa tarjumi-yi Sahifi-yi Sajjadiyya by Sayyid Ahmad Fihri,[12] in Persian.

Notes

  1. Faḍl Allāh, Āfāq al-rūḥ, vol. 2, p. 626-627.
  2. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 4, p. 365.
  3. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 4, p. 365-376; Commentary of 53th supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, Irfan website (Persian)
  4. Madanī Shīrāzī, Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn, vol. 7, p. 395-412.
  5. Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 657-660.
  6. Dārābī, Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn, p. 725-730.
  7. Faḍl Allāh, Āfāq al-rūḥ, vol. 2, p. 630-635.
  8. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 103.
  9. Jazā'irī, Sharh al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 296-297.
  10. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 7, p. 623-629.
  11. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 4, p. 363-376.
  12. Fihrī, Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, vol. 3, p. 571-572.

References

  • Anṣārīyān, Ḥusayn. Dīyār-i Āshiqān: tafsīr-i jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Payām-i Āzādī, 1372 Sh.
  • Dārābī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad. Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Edited by Ḥusayn Dargāhī. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1379 Sh.
  • Faḍl Allāh, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Āfāq al-rūḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Mālik, 1420 AH.
  • Fihrī, Sayyid Aḥmad. Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1388 Sh.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad b. al-Murtaḍā al-. Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Buḥūth wa l-Taḥqīqāt al-Thiqāfīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Jazāʾirī, ʿIzz al-Dīn. Sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1402 AH.
  • Madanī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAlīkhān. Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa Sayyid al-Sājjidīn. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1435 AH.
  • Mughnīya, Muḥammad Jawād al-. Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Qom: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1428 AH.
  • Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht; tarjuma wa sharḥ Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1388 SH.