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Fiftieth Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

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This article is an introduction to the Fiftieth Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya; to read its text see text:Fiftieth Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.
Fiftieth Supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya

The fiftieth supplication of al-Șahīfa al-Sajjādīyya (Arabic: الدعاء الخمسون من الصحيفة السجادية) is a supplication transmitted from Imam al-Sajjad (a), which is recited when fearing God for one’s sins. In this supplication, God is characterized as the nurturer and livelihood-giver of man, whose forgiveness is a source of hope. Moreover, reference is made to God's awareness of what is in people's hearts and God being All-clement.

Doctrines

The fiftieth supplication is a supplication in al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya that is recited when fearing God. According to Mamduhi Kirmanshahi, an interpreter of al-Sahifa, believers become full of fear on account of their sins. Thus, the return to God counts as the only refuge of a believer. Here are the doctrines of the supplication:

  • God as the creator, nurturer, and livelihood-giver of humans
  • Fear of disgrace and disrepute because of sins recorded in one's inventory of deeds
  • Sins as factors leading to the waste of human talents and resulting in troubles
  • Liberation from disappointment by means of God's promise of forgiveness
  • God’s punishment is justice
  • God’s not needing to punish His servants
  • The secrets of the Heaven and the Earth not being concealed from God
  • The fire of the Hell being beyond the human capacity
  • Asking for God’s mercy and forgiveness
  • The Infallibles (a) being aware of God’s secret names
  • God's awareness of what is in people's hearts.
  • God is All-clement, All-merciful.
  • God's rule of the created world being eternal.

Commentaries

In the commentaries of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya, such as Riyad al-salikin by Sayyid Ali Khan al-Madani,[1], Fi zilal al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya by Muhammad Jawad Mughniya,[2] Riyad al-'arifin by Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Darabi,[3] Afaq al-ruh by Muhammad Husayn Fadl Allah,[4] the fiftieth supplication is explicated in Arabic. The words used in the supplication is also elucidated in lexical commentaries such as Fayd Kashani's Ta'liqat 'ala l-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[5] and 'Izz al-Din al-Jaza'iri's Sharh al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya[6]

The fiftieth supplication of al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya is expounded in such commentaries as Diyar-i ashiqan by Husayn Ansarian,[7] Shuhud wa shinakht by Muhammad Hasan Mamduhi Kirmanshahi,[8] Sharh wa tarjumi-yi Sahifi-yi Sajjadiyya by Sayyid Ahmad Fihri,[9] in Persian.

Notes

  1. Madanī Shīrāzī, Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn, vol. 7, p. 297-330.
  2. Mughnīya, Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa, p. 637-640.
  3. Dārābī, Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn, p. 699-705.
  4. Faḍl Allāh, Āfāq al-rūḥ, vol. 2, p. 592-600.
  5. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 101-102.
  6. Jazā'irī, Sharh al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, p. 285-287.
  7. Anṣārīyān, Diyār-i āshiqān, vol. 7, p. 587-599.
  8. Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht, vol. 4, p. 293-305.
  9. Fihrī, Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya, vol. 3, p. 535-539.

References

  • Anṣārīyān, Ḥusayn. Dīyār-i Āshiqān: tafsīr-i jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Payām-i Āzādī, 1372 Sh.
  • Dārābī, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad. Rīyāḍ al-ʿārifīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Edited by Ḥusayn Dargāhī. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1379 Sh.
  • Faḍl Allāh, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Āfāq al-rūḥ. Beirut: Dār al-Mālik, 1420 AH.
  • Fihrī, Sayyid Aḥmad. Sharḥ wa tarjuma-yi Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Nashr-i Uswa, 1388 Sh.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥammad b. al-Murtaḍā al-. Taʿlīqāt ʿalā l-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Buḥūth wa l-Taḥqīqāt al-Thiqāfīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Jazāʾirī, ʿIzz al-Dīn. Sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1402 AH.
  • Madanī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAlīkhān. Rīyāḍ al-sālikīn fī sharḥ al-Ṣaḥīfa Sayyid al-Sājjidīn. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1435 AH.
  • Mughnīya, Muḥammad Jawād al-. Fī zilāl al-Ṣaḥīfa al-Sajjādīyya. Qom: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1428 AH.
  • Mamdūḥī Kirmanshāhī, Shuhūd wa shinākht; tarjuma wa sharḥ Ṣaḥīfa-yi Sajjādīyya. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1388 SH.